The reform of the American surveillance aircraft have fizzled: U.S. Senate Republicans have blocked Tuesday a project deemed too radical, but which was supported by Barack Obama, Silicon Valley and defenders of civil liberties. Seventeen months after the first revelations of Edward Snowden, the reformist camp in the Congress hoped to vote by the end of the year an ambitious reform of the National Security Agency (NSA) in order to restrict monitoring capabilities in the United States, and to increase transparency. Their text had the support of a myriad of NGOs, elected representatives and Giants of the internet such as Google and Apple. It would have amended the Patriot Act, enacted in urgency after the attacks of September 11, 2001, to put an end to practices that were gobsmacked the Americans to their revelation in June 2013. The NSA would have thus ceased to collect all of the metadata for telephone calls in the United States (schedule, duration, called number). Its analysts would have been forced to demonstrate, with a judge, a hint reasonable and motivated a link with a foreign terrorist organization to get the metadata and monitor a specific target. The text also strengthened audit and transparency rules, and added a panel of advocates of civil liberties within the secret intelligence Court. After resisting, Barack Obama, in a speech in March, endorsed the spirit of the reform, and the White House has indicated that it supported the text drawn up in the Senate. The House of representatives had adopted by a large majority on May 22 a close version. The failure of Tuesday is indicative of the persistent divisions of the American political class on the balance between protection of privacy and national security. -End of June 2015 – its, Republican senators believe that the text would have too weakened the NSA, for example to locate in the United States of any jihadist group Islamic State (AR), that certain elected officials here designate by the acronym EIIL. While the United States lead a military campaign to weaken, dismantle and defeat the EIIL, is not considering a proposal for a law that removes the tools we need to fight the EIIL, said Senator Mitch McConnell, leader of the Group Republican and organizer of the blocking. For the critics of the reform, the need to first obtain a court order would slow the NSA analysts work. They also denounced the alarmism of the other side. Republican Saxby Chambliss said there had been no cases of American whose privacy was allegedly raped by the NSA; This has never occurred. The reform was supported by many giants of the internet, whose image suffered after update program Prism of communications on internet spying abroad. A coalition of companies (AOL, Apple, Dropbox, Evernote, Facebook, Google, LinkedIn, Microsoft, Twitter, Yahoo!) had called Sunday in a letter to the adoption of the text, that would have allowed them to publish more precisely the number of accounts of their clients monitored by federal authorities. It was probably the best opportunity to reform the programme of metadata telephone while maintaining the capacity of the Government to use this tool to prevent attacks, regretted Dianne Feinstein, democratic chairwoman of the Intelligence Committee. The blocking of the Act ensures that the mass of the NSA surveillance programs will continue for at least six more months, and potentially longer, reacted the Center for Democracy and Technology. The Republicans, who will control the majority of the two chambers of Congress from January, will however have to reopen the case. A core part of the Patriot Act (section 215) happens indeed expired June 1, 2015. The Congress must renew by then, or let it expire, which would brutally end many NSA surveillance programs. .
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Posted by admin on November 19th, 2014 :: Filed under Uncategorized