Secondary event of the second world war from the military, but highly symbolic perspective on the political level, the liberation of Paris on 25 August 1944 is played in a few hours with the arrival of the 2nd DB after a week of uprising. Fighting FFI poorly armed and bedraggled streets; tanks of the Leclerc division taken by drunken Parisians of joy; de Gaulle down the Champs-ElysÃ©es by a crowd cheering: these images are engraved in the collective memory, writes Jean-FranÃ§ois Muracciole in the liberation of Paris, 19-26 August 1944 (Tallandier, 2013). August 25 battles between two Allied divisions (30 000 troops) – the 2nd armoured division and the 4th US infantry division – a German division (20 000 men) made of odds and ends. Dwight Eisenhower had agreed late 1943 to the capture of the capital but the hard fighting in Normandy and the logistical difficulties are reluctant Commander of allied forces in Europe. For Charles de Gaulle, the capture of Paris by a French unit accentuate its weight to the allies and his authority policy in France, including the powerful Communist Party. The priority of Eisenhower, is to go to more quickly towards the ports of Northern Europe bypassing Paris because in mid-August the Allies have only two ports operational (Arromanches and Cherbourg), struggling to feed the 36 Allied divisions engaged, explains to AFP historian Christine Levisse-TouzÃ©. -Strike – in his memoirs, the American general Omar Bradley, Commander of the 1st army in Normandy group, write: Tactiquement Paris had no meaning, it was an ink spot on the map that should be avoided. The Allies want to not engage in a costly battle of streets in human lives and destruction. At the same time, the Warsaw Uprising will be more than 200. 000 deaths, mostly civilians. The reluctance of the Allies are going to fall with the uprising in the capital. As early as August 10, strikes are triggered at the initiative of the CGT and the PCF. 13, the police, who took part in the roundups of Jews a few weeks ago, joined the movement. On 18 August, the general strike is triggered. The next day at dawn, thousands of police officers occupy the prefecture of police. The only organized force switches in the resistance that calls for insurrection. The first barricades are erected, ambushes mounted against the rare German soldiers facing the streets. Little by little the official buildings fall into the hands of the Parisian resistance controlled by the Communist Henri Rol-Tanguy. -Column Dronne – On the evening of the 19th, a truce is organized between general Dietrich von Choltitz and resistance, under the auspices of the consul of Sweden Raoul Nordling. Strongly challenged by the Communists, it is very poorly respected. The fighting resumed on 21. The poorly equipped resistance fighters can take the edge off the Wehrmacht, entrenched in its points of support. August 22, Leclerc, which lies 250 km to the West, receives Bradley green light awaited. He launched 15. 000 men and 400 tanks and armoured vehicles of the 2nd DB to Paris. The division is progressing rapidly before meeting, 24, a strong German opposition to the South and West of the capital. In the evening, Leclerc launches the column of the captain Raymond Dronne, which enters through the door of Italy and arrived at about 9:00 pm at the Town Hall occupied by the FFI. The next day at dawn, the 2nd DB Street in the capital by the Orleans / Gentilly gates, American troops infiltrating through the door of Italy. Shortly before 3 pm, Von Choltitz was taken prisoner at the hotel Meurice, the command of Gross Paris headquarters. Led to the prefecture of police, he signed before Leclerc and Rol-Tanguy a surrender agreement before the Act of capitulation, at the gare Montparnasse. The arrival of Leclerc, 22, was preceded by the release Sunday 20 August in the morning by the Office french of information (FIO) Agency press vichiste, reworked immediately in Agency Havas, then Agence France Presse (AFP). After seeing Leclerc, general de Gaulle moved to the Ministry of war. To 19 h 15, in the midst of an exuberant crowd, he went to City Hall to greet Paris!, Paris outraged! Paris broken! Paris martyred! But Paris liberated. The losses of the divisions are moderate: the 2nd DB lost 156 men, the U.S. 4th division No. But 1. 000 FFI, including 175 police officers, and 582 civilians were killed. Rated German, the toll has risen to 3. 200 deaths, according to historian Christine Levisse-TouzÃ©. In addition to the big story, the liberation of Paris is full of anecdotes and short stories which some become mythical, if not true, such as the release of the bar at the Ritz by the writer Ernest Hemingway. 26, the head of the France Libre down the Champs-Elysees, cheered on by a million people. In these war memoirs, he wrote: it is the sea! A huge crowd where I moved and quiet. .
You can visit this http://interhome2.justkain.com to read extra on this great subject.
Posted by admin on August 20th, 2014 :: Filed under Uncategorized